Human rights and global citizenship in social studies standards in the United States.


  • Anatoli Rapoport Purdue University, USA.



There is a synergetic complementary relationship between human rights education (HRE) and global citizenship education (GCE). Historically, however, HRE began to develop earlier than GCE. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether and to what degree a human rights narrative in the social studies standards of individual US states facilitates the introduction of the concept of global citizenship, and whether social studies standards connect human rights and global citizenship, contextually or thematically. The analysis demonstrates that despite an increased visibility of both concepts, state standards still fall short of demonstrating a clear connection between human rights and global citizenship or utilising a human rights discourse and paradigm to advocate for a broader exposure and acceptance of global citizenship


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Author Biography

Anatoli Rapoport, Purdue University, USA.

Anatoli Rapoport is Associate Professor of Curriculum and Instruction at Purdue University College of Education. He is editor of Journal of International Social Studies and past Chair of Citizenship and Democratic Education Special Interest Group (CANDE SIG) of Comparative and International Education Society (CIES).  His research interests include: comparative aspects of education, global and international perspectives in citizenship education, and constructivist theory. He is the author of two books: Fields Unknown and Civic Education in Contemporary Global Society (with A. Borshevsky) and more than 50 journal articles and book chapters.


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How to Cite

Rapoport, A. (2021). Human rights and global citizenship in social studies standards in the United States. Human Rights Education Review, 4(1), 111–132.

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